Animals cannot tell their owners when they are thirsty, and recognizing the signs of dehydration in different animals is crucial for pet owners, farmers and livestock handlers to ensure the animals are properly hydrated to stay healthy, particularly during hot summer months. Many animals show similar dehydration symptoms, and recognizing the signs of trouble is the first step toward getting the animal appropriate help.
Recognize the Signs of Dehydration in…
Dogs: Sunken eyes, dark urine, lethargy, dry mouth, raspy barks, appetite loss, thick saliva, loss of skin elasticity, depression
Cats: Panting, lethargy, sunken eyes, loss of skin elasticity, elevated heart rate, dry mouth, appetite loss
Pet Birds: Sunken or dull eyes, sticky or dry mouth, dry droppings, lack of droppings, lethargy, weakness
Rodents: Dull coat, thin appearance, lethargy, appetite loss, loss of skin elasticity, rapid shallow breathing
Reptiles: Dull, wrinkled skin, loss of skin elasticity, flaking skin, sunken eyes, lethargy, disorientation, lack of appetite
Chickens: Panting, labored breathing, drooped wings or fluffing feathers, limp posture, unresponsive behavior, convulsions
Horses: Elevated heart rate, rapid shallow breathing, reddened gums, dry eyes, thick saliva, loss of skin elasticity
Goats: Low body temperature, listless behavior, lethargy, sunken eyes, sticky mouth, dry membranes, weakness
Cattle: Dry membranes, loss of skin elasticity, depression, appetite loss, less urine, strong-smelling urine
Pigs: Constipation, skin irritation, ear twitching, appetite loss, listless wandering, disorientation, circling, convulsions
Sheep: Dry mouth, sunken eyes, dry eyes, loss of skin elasticity, thin appearance, low body temperature, constipation
When Your Animals Are Dehydrated
While not all animals will show every sign of dehydration even when their fluid levels are dropping, it is important to take steps to correct dehydration as soon as it is noticed. Provide your animal with fresh, clean water right away, but do not force them to drink – if the dehydration is severe, subcutaneous fluids or intravenous fluids may be necessary for recovery, and it is critical to get the animal to a veterinarian right away. Keep the animal cool and calm, using a damp rag to moisten their mouth without drinking if necessary. The vet can properly diagnose dehydration and take emergency steps to help the animal recover. By recognizing the signs of dehydration early, it is possible to save an animal's life when it begins to be dehydrated.